Tidsskriftet Kulturstudier
Tidsskriftet Kulturstudier

Tidsskriftet

Med udgangspunkt i tesen om, at den vestlige dødskultur er ved at ændre sig fra „den forbudte død“ til „den spektakulære død“, kortlægger artiklen etableringen af mindehaver med askespredning og urnenedsættelser ved engelske fodboldstadions fra 1990’erne til i dag. Den nye minde- og sørgekultur i fodbold sættes i relation til transformationen af britisk fodbold siden 1990 med en dramatisk kommercialisering og ombygning af eller ud ytning fra gamle stadions på den ene side, og en ny tilhængeraktivisme og behov for
at understrege autenticitet på den anden side. Artiklen konkluderer, at kommercialisering og tilhængeraktivisme hver især fremmer modsatrettede elementer i „den spektakulære død“, men også i enkelte tilfælde kan forene dem.

English summary

Scattering of ashes, memorial gardens and the transformation of British football

During the 20th century, scattering of ashes on football pitches gradually became more widespread in Great Britain, but after 1990 it increased dramatically. The increasing demand led to most clubs stopping the practice, but since 1994 a growing number of clubs have established memorial gardens by their stadium instead. This development coincides with the emergence of a new death culture at the end of the 20th century, which has been termed “The spectacular death” by Danish sociologist Michael Hviid Andersen. In contrast to the “forbidden death” of the previous decades, death and mourning is becoming a spectacle and is even commercialized, according to Andersen. Structural developments within the game of football – as well as a number of fatal stadium disasters – seem to have been instrumental in the development of a new memorial and death culture within football.
Old stadiums, where ashes of ancestors had been scattered, have been abandoned or rebuild. New stadiums with a much more compartmentalized use of space have developed. On the one hand, the establishment of memorial gardens is in many cases connected with relocation or a threat to the very existence of the a club. On the other hand, the big clubs with global fan bases seem reluctant to establish gardens, fearing that fans from all over the world will send their ashes to prove their authenticity as fans. Even though most gardens can be interpreted as the fans’ claim to eternal ownership of their club, as well as protests against the club owners and economic exploitation of the fans, many clubs offer commercial funeral packages and memorial plaques. The “spectacular death” culture within football is contested ground.